J-1 Immigration Regulations
Use the links below to find more information about how J-1 students can maintain their immigration status. This information is not definitive. If more information is needed, please email or call the Center for International Education to set up an appointment.
This document is issued by the International Student Advisor at UIU or a UIU-partner organization and gives J-1 students status while in the U.S. The personal information (name, date of birth) should always be accurate and match the information in the passport. The program information (major, start date, end date, degree level) should accurately reflect the student's official status at UIU. J-1 students and scholars should contact the Center for International Education if their DS-2019 needs to be updated.
The passport should be valid for at least 6 months into the future at all times. If the passport will expire in 6 months or less, the embassy should be contacted immediately to request a new passport.
The visa is a document allowing entry into the U.S. J-1 students should always monitor the end date of the visa. The visa can be expired as long as the J-1 student stays in the U.S. and maintains a valid DS-2019 and passport. If the visa is expired and a J-1 student leaves the U.S., a new visa must be obtained before reentry. Travel to Canada, Mexico and "adjacent islands" in the Caribbean can be an exception to this rule. J-1 students and scholars interested in automatic revalidation should speak to the Center for International Education.
The I-94 is the record of entry, immigration status and length of status for the J-1 student. The I-94 should indicate J-1 D/S meaning J-1 "Duration of Status". A paper copy can be printed from www.CBP.gov/I94.
Change of Address
All J-1 students must notify the U.S. Department of Homeland Security of any address change within 10 days of the change. This requirement applies to moves between apartments off-campus, moves from on-campus housing to off-campus housing, room changes and residence hall changes. J-1 students and scholars should complete the Change of Address form to notify the Center for International Education of the change. Additionally, students must also change their address in myUIU to notify the Office of the Registrar.
All J-1 students must be enrolled full-time during the Fall and Spring semesters. Full-time status for undergraduates is 12 credits per semester. Graduate students must enroll in 3 credits per term to meet full-time status.
Online, Distance and Independent-Study Courses
J-1 students are ineligible to take any online, distance or independent-study classes.
J-1 students that start a program in the summer semester or will finish their final classes in the summer semester must follow regular full-time enrollment requirements as stated above. If a J-1 student has enrolled full-time during the prior fall and spring semesters and intends to enroll in the upcoming fall semester at UIU, that student can take fewer than the number of credits required for full-time status or none at all.
Reduced Course Loads
J-1 students are eligible for a reduced course load for very specific reasons. Those reasons are:
- Illness or medical condition
- Initial difficulty with English language
- Initial Difficulty with reading requirements
- Unfamiliarity with American teaching methods
- Improper course level placement
To complete course of study in the current semester.
Certain reasons are only available during the first or last semesters and others have a limited period of time during which they can be used.
Any request for a reduced course load must be signed by the academic advisor and submitted to the Center for International Education. Additional supporting documentation may be required depending on the reason for requesting a reduced course load.
Travel While in J-1 Status
Travel within the U.S.
J-1 students and scholars should carry their original DS-2019, passport, visa, and a print-out of the I-94 anytime they leave the immediate Fayette area.
Travel outside of the U.S.
The original DS-2019, passport, visa, and a print-out of the I-94 must be carried when traveling outside of the U.S. The passport must be valid for at least 6 months from the date of reentry to the U.S. The visa must be valid upon date of reentry and indicate the appropriate number of entries. Additionally, J-1 students and scholars must have a valid travel signature on the bottom of the DS-2019. A travel signature is valid for one year from the date of the signature and indicates to Customs and Border Protection (CBP) that the student is currently maintaining J-1 status. Failure to obtain a travel signature prior to travel or having an expired travel signature upon reentry to the U.S. may result in secondary questioning by CBP or even denial of entry to the U.S. A new I-94 will be issued upon reentry to the U.S.
J-1 students are issued DS-2019s with a specific end date indicating the length of their program. If additional time is needed or desired, J-1 students must complete the program extension packet and return to the Center for International Education at least one month prior to the end date currently listed on the DS-2019. Program extension requests must have written approval from the home institution. The DS-2019 can only be extended one semester at a time for a maximum of 24 months in total.
On-campus employment refers to any employment that is paid for by UIU with the actual workplace located on the campus the J-1 student is authorized to attend or for a company that holds a contract with UIU to offer services directly to UIU students on the UIU campus the J-1 student is authorized to attend.
J-1 students can work up to 20 hours per week during the fall and spring semesters. During the summer semester, J-1 students can work up to 20 hours per week provided they will enroll in the upcoming fall semester.
J-1 students must receive authorization from the International Student Advisor prior to beginning any on-campus employment. The On-Campus Employment form must be completed and submitted to the Center for International Education.
J-1 students who are employed need a Social Security Number (SSN). Once a student receives a job offer, the student should request an Social Security Letter (and attach a copy of the job offer letter) from the International Student Advisor. Once the student has all necessary documents, the student must go to the Social Security Administration office in Waterloo. See Programs and Activities for a schedule of SSN trips offered by the CIE.
To search for employment opportunities on campus, please visit the Peacock Career Portal website
Academic Training (AT) is training related to the J-1 student's field of study. To be eligible for academic training, a J-1 student must be "participating in academic training that is directly related to his or her major field of study at the post-secondary accredited academic institution listed on his or her Form DS-2019", be in good academic standing at UIU, and receive written approval from the home institution, if the J-1 student is a UIU exchange student.
AT can be approved for use during the program or after the completion of the program. Academic training can only be approved for the same length of time spent in classes or 18-months whichever is shorter.
To apply for AT, UIU-sponsored J-1 students must complete the Academic Training packet and submit it along with the written approval from the home institution and the employment letter to the Center for International Education prior to the end date listed on the DS-2019.
Non-UIU sponsored J-1 students (such as IREX, ISEP or Fulbright) must request AT authorization from the sponsoring organization. The AT authorization from the sponsoring organization must be completed prior to the end date listed on the DS-2019.
212(e) Two-Year Home Residency Requirement
J-1 students who fall under one of the following categories are subject to the 212(e) two-year home residency requirement.
- The exchange visitor received financing, directly or indirectly, by the U.S. government or a foreign government for the purpose of the exchange.
- The exchange visitor came to develop or exercise skills that are in a field which the exchange visitor's home government requested be included on the State Department Exchange Visitor skills list.
Even if the major or funding source changes, the J-1 student will still be subject to the 212(e) requirement. If the J-1 is subject to the 212(e) requirement, the J-2 dependents are also subject to the requirement.
If a J-1 student is subject to 212(e), the J-1 student must "reside and be physically present" in the home country for a total of two years before being eligible for certain immigration benefits again.
During the two-year period in which the J-1 student is subject to the 212(e) requirement, the J-1 student cannot:
- Obtain an immigrant visa or adjust their status to lawful permanent resident.
- Obtain an H visa, L visa, or a K visa.
- Change non-immigrant status within the U.S. from J to any other non-immigrant category except for A (diplomatic), G (international organization), or U (victims of qualifying criminal activity.
Assistance regarding the 212(e) requirement as well as the waiver application process can be provided by the Center for International Education.
J-1 students may request that their spouse and/or children accompany them to the U.S. as dependents. These dependents will hold J-2 status. For each dependent, the J-1 student must demonstrate that sufficient funds are available to pay for the expenses of the dependent. The total estimated expenses per dependent is $5600 (estimate based on one calendar year). J-2 dependents can study full- or part-time and are eligible for work authorization from USCIS. To request a DS-2019 for a dependent, complete the I-20/DS-2019 Request Form.
J-1 students can withdraw from UIU at any time to return to their home country. However, once a student withdraws, the SEVIS record and J-1 status will be terminated for an authorized early withdrawal. The J-1 student will have 15-days from the termination of authorized early withdrawal to leave the U.S. and return to their home country. To withdraw, J-1 students must complete the UIU Withdrawal Form and return to the Office of Student Development. The Early Withdrawal Form must also be completed by the student and returned to the Center for International Education.
J-1 students have a 30-day grace period following the completion of their program. The grace period starts the day after the end date listed on the DS-2019. The grace period is to be utilized for departure preparations and can be used for travel within the U.S. If a student leaves the U.S. during the 30-day grace period, the J-1 status is automatically ended.