Note: Any and all explosions that occur on campus should be treated as though they were deliberately set and that the explosion did not occur by accident, until it can be determined otherwise. An explosion is caused by a rapid expansion of gas from chemical reactions or incendiary devices. This results in a sudden and violent release of energy from its contained environment.

5 Stages of an Explosion

If an explosion does occur there are 5 stages that will occur, they will occur within a second of the explosion.

1. Fire ball.
2. Concussion wave (this can destroy internal organs).
3. Fragmentation (moves at 18,000 feet per second).
4. Reverse concussion wave.
5. Crater.

Structural Damage

Depending on the size, force and location of the explosion there may be various structural damage, damage such as damaged gas lines, down power lines, water and sewer ruptures, fires, collapsed walls and buildings, weakened structures and various forms of fragmentation.

Secondary Device

Domestic terrorists in recent years have planted two explosive devices. The first to destroy their target and second to destroy responding emergency personnel. The following guidelines need to be followed with the secondary device in mind.

1. Think about where the secondary device may be, anticipate its location when you respond to the scene.
2. NO radio or cellular phone communication within 100 meters of threat area.
3. Be aware of the damage area after the explosion, i.e. weakened structure, gas lines, debris, etc. all of these can increase the effectiveness of a secondary device.
4. Be aware of any and all potential evidence that you might be taking with you when you leave. Items such as clothing, shrapnel from the explosive device hair fibers, any thing that might assist
law enforcement in their investigation.
5. Gas and power lines need to be shut off after the first explosion to minimize damage of a secondary explosion.
6. Due to the possibility of a secondary device the area of the explosion should be treated as a “combat zone” that is evacuate yourself and the wounded, by stabilizing and moving them as quickly as possible.


Another tactic that may be used by terrorist domestic or otherwise is to have a individual(s) take up a position to shoot at and hit responding emergency personal and civilians. This tactic would greatly decrease the effectives of those who are dealing with the after affects of the explosion.

After an explosion occurs on campus there are several steps that need to be taken:

1. Check yourself and others around you for injuries. 
2. Check the area around you to determine if it is safe to leave or if it is safer to stay.
3. If it is safe to evacuate do so as quickly and as safely as you can due to possible secondary devices and structural damage. 
4. If you are trapped in a structure then alert others to your situations any way that you can.

Assisting those with Disabilities, Evacuation Guidelines

It is recommended that for residents of Garbee Hall, Hofmaster Apartments, Lee Towers and South Village I, II and III a "Buddy System" be implemented. A volunteer, along with alternate volunteers, be paired with a person with disabilities to assist them with evacuating the building. Staff personnel should be made aware of these arrangements. For all other buildings on campus, a "Buddy System" can be implemented with staff and faculty assistance.

Persons with Visual Impairments

Inform the individual of the nature of the emergency, offer to guide him/her. As you evacuate the building advise the individual that you are with where you are at, where you are going, obstacle in the way and any other important information. Do not take the individual that you are guiding by the arm, offer your arm instead.

Persons with Hearing Impairments

Write a note telling the individual of the danger and the safest evacuation route.  Tapping the person he shoulder or turning the light switch on and off to gain attention, then indicating through gestures, or in writing, what is happening and what to do.

Persons using Crutches, Cane or Walkers

If the individual is having trouble exiting the building in a quick and safe manner then they may be carried out of the building. Options such as the fireman’s carry, two-person locked arm carry may be used. Also the person can be carried out while simply sitting in a chair.

Non-Ambulatory Persons

Most of the time non-ambulatory individuals will be able to evacuate a building on their own. If assistance is needed remember lifting someone is this state may be painful and may cause injury. Frequently, non-ambulatory individuals have respiratory complications. Remove them from smoke or fumes immediately. Always consult the persons that are being evacuated so to their preference with regard to:

1. Ways of being removed from the wheelchair. 
2. The number of people necessary for assistance.
3. Whether to extend or move extremities when lifting because of pain, catheter bags, braces, etc.
4. Whether a seat cushion or pad should be brought along if he-she is removed from the chair.
5. Being carried forwarded or backward on a flight of stairs.
6. After-care, if removed from the wheelchair.
7. If you are trapped in a structure then alert others to your situations any way that you can.
8. As soon as possible notify the Communication Center at 422-6067 or 911 that there has been an explosion on the campus of Upper Iowa University. Tell them who you are, your exact location, and the exact location of the explosion. If you are able inform the dispatcher exactly what the explosion sounded like and what color the smoke was and is that is coming from the area of the
explosion, answer any and all other questions that he dispatcher may have for you. 
9. Upon the arrival of emergency personal, the emergency personal will take over the scene and determine when it will be turned back to Upper Iowa University.


If there are casualties after the explosion then the following area will be used as the triage area, providing that the building is still structurally sound and there are no other dangers getting in and out of the building the order of the area of usage is in this order:

1. Rec Center
2. Dorman Gym
3. Auditorium in Colgrove Walker
4. Tennis Courts

The designated landing zone for the life flight helicopter will be as follows:

Primary: Football practice fields on the East side of campus.
Hazard Note: On the West side of the fields is a power line.

Secondary: The oval area on the North side of campus.
Hazard Note: On the East side of the oval is a very tall flagpole.

First Aid Kits

First aid kits are located in the following areas on campus:

  • Garbee Hall: Cabinet in the security office
  • Hofmaster/Lee:  RA Rooms
  • Alexander Dickman: Registrar’s office
  • Colgrove Walker: Roadrunners lounge
  • Library: Circulation desk
  • Baker Hebron: Chemistry lab
  • Dorman Gym: Training room
  • Parker Fox: Front desk
  • Professional Building: Lounge
  • Rec Center: Front desk and through out the building attached to the wall
  • Edgar Fine Arts: Ceramics studio room 103
  • Andres Center: Housekeeping room 127
  • Facilities Management & Services: Office & grounds

Radiological Dispersal Devices ( Dirty Nuke, Dirty Bomb)

If Upper Iowa University is the victim of a Radiological Dispersal Device we may not even be aware of it due to the fact that it would come in the form of a explosion. If an explosion does occur on campus either emergency personal or the University itself needs to check for radiation.

Displaced Students

Dining Services will provide cold meal bag lunches; meals may also be prepared on university grills. Bottled water will be brought in for drinking. The university will provide a generator for Dining Services for refrigeration purposes. Porta Potties will be brought in for the waste matters. Students may be housed in Dorman Gym of the Recreation Center as needed.

24-hour hotline

The 1-800 phone number will be designated as the emergency 24-hour hotline number that parents may call.

Parental Notification

The Incident Management and Communications Team will notify parents of the situation and the status of their child.


There are several different options that are available to Upper Iowa University in regards to counseling. Upper Iowa University has on staff Laurie Kirkpatrick who is the Director of Counseling Services. Staff members of Student Development will also be available. The following local clergy are available as well: Abundant Life Christian Fellowship 425-3511, First United Methodist Church 425-4126, St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church 425-3184, Grace Lutheran Church 425-3544, Fayette Community Church 425-3551. Also available is the Northeast Iowa Mental Health Center and Alcohol Related Problem Center 1297 S. Frederick Avenue Oelwein, Iowa 50662 1-563-283-5774 or 1-800-372-6744


All media related questions or concerns need to go through the Chief Academic Officer, office phone number 425-5284. The alternate to the CAO is the Chief Financial Officer, office phone number 425-5286.